1912 Normal School
Kirksville, Missouri page 5 and 10
Photo of the Normal School, Kirksville, Missouri - photo taken in 1912.
Original building, Baldwin Hall - in center, Completed in Jan., 1873
Library Hall, at left, completed in Dec., 1901.
Science Hall, at right, completed in May, 1906.
Model Rural School, Manual Arts Hall and School Gardens at the right and not shown in picture.Quarterly Bulletin Page 5
A Foreword. This Bulletin is to furnish information to studious persons who wish to become good teachers. It is also to show people at large what contributions the institution is making to educational advancement in the state.
the efficient Normal School is not a college in the ordinary sense, yet it is obliged to parallel in most of its departments the best instruction that the best colleges can give. In some departments it must go far beyond the college and it must offer some courses which no college has. This Normal School offers courses of instruction for all kinds of teachers: rural school teachers; elementary teachers of villages, towns, and cities; high school teachers of all kinds; supervisors, principals, and superintendents.
The Missouri Normal Schools have been somewhat unique in the history of education in our country. For more than forty years, the Boards of Education in Missouri have relied upon the Normal Schools to furnish teachers, principals, and superintendents, for all grades and kinds of public schools. This demand of the people has tended to keep the Missouri Normal Schools in the very forefront of the institutions for preparing teachers. In other parts of the country, institutions of the rank and character of the Missouri Normal Schools are commonly designated as Teachers Colleges, or Normal Colleges, or Normal Universities.
The Normal School at Kirskville offers for teachers combined academic and pedagogic courses extending three years, four years, and five years, above the high school curriculum. This is done without any abnormally small classes and without humoring any special ambitions of any over-enthusiastic specialists. The Institution simply meets the necessities of a progressive community. It has no fads. It allows no "snap" courses. It has no easy avenues to graduation. It courageously undertakes to make its certificates and diplomas rather more difficult to secure than those of any competing institutions. Its management has always in mind the unprotected girls and boys of the public schools, who need efficient instruction.
Origin of This Normal School.In 1867, Joseph Baldwin, aided by W. P. Nason and J.M. Greenwood, opened in Kirksville a private Normal School which, through their vigorous agitation, became on January 1, 1871, the First District Normal School of Missouri. Its purpose, as shown in early Bulletins and the law creating it, was to furnish teachers for all the public schools of the state. In the early 70's (1870's) a small group of men undertook a campaign for public high schools, in order to articulate all the lower schools with the colleges and the universities. These leaders in the long continued agitation for a completely articulated school system, were Dr. William T. Harris, then Superintendent of Schools in St. Louis, and later United States Commissioner of Education; Joseph Baldwin, J.M. Greenwood, and W.P. Nason, of this Normal School; F. Louis Soldan, Principal of the St. Louis Normal and High School and later Superintendent of Schools in St. Louis, E.B. Neely, Superintendent of Schools at St. Joseph; Geo. L. Osborne, Superintendent of Schools at Louisiana, Missouri; J.B. Merwin, Editor of the American Journal of Education, St. Louis, Missouri; and a few others.
No one west of the Mississippi was ever more active or eloquent in pleading for the completely articulated public school system, than Dr. Joseph Baldwin, the first President of this Normal School. It was under the roof of these present Baldwin Hall and at meetings in St. Louis that these men mapped out and proclaimed the first general scheme for articulated education in Missouri, from kindergarten through the twelve years of the public school grades to the university and other institutions of higher learning. These men had visions and constructive ideality. They made their unmistakable and everlasting impress upon the civilization of their state.
It was the special pride of the first President and of the early faculty members of this institution that they sent out graduates who, in their general attainments, were able to parallel the best things done by the college graduates and who, in addition thereto, had a philosophy of education, a skill in school management and tact in teaching, which college graduates neither had nor knew of. The traditions and ideals of the faculty have held good to the present day. We still believe ourselves to have a mission. We see transformations being wrought in the public schools through the students and graduates of this Normal School. In music, in art, in the form of industrial education, in architecture, and in many other fundamental features of education, we not only see the graduates of this Normal School taking leadership, but we expect them to continue so doing.
When to Enter. The
best time to enter the Fall quarter will be Tuesday, September 10th. Programs are to be made that day. It will be difficult to make programs on the day following
because the Faculty members will be busy most of that day planning class room
work with their several classes.
a general rule it is best to enter any term on the first day of the term.
Making of Daily Programs. Students should
inspect the tabular view of courses of instruction.
They should compare the elementary course with high school courses.
They should understand that all the work done in good high schools is
accredited and that each of them may begin studies in this Institution at points
where the studies were discontinued in other schools.
This, of course, is done at the studentís risk.
If he cannot carry successfully the new studies, he will be asked to
change over into classes of such advancement that the studies can be carried.
Members Make Programs. All members of the
Faculty are to be at the Presidentís Office from 8 to 12 a.m. and from 2 to 5
p.m., Tuesday, September 10th, for the purpose of assisting students
in making programs. It is
recommended that students come to Kirksville and make boarding house
arrangements on Monday, September 9th.
of Recitations. Class room exercises will
begin according to daily program at 8 a.m.
Wednesday, September 11th.
Grade Cards. Students should bring with
them their grade cards, certificates, diplomas and whatever other written or
printed evidences of school work they may (pg. 11) have. We desire to avoid examinations.
We desire to classify students and make up their programs from their
credentials and from what they can say of themselves. We desire to economize time.
But no student will be able to remain many days in any class which has
work to difficult or too easy for him. Re-classification
is a very simple and easy matter.
Former Text Books. It is well for students
to bring with them the principal text books and reference books formerly used
and studied. These books are useful
in many ways.
Program. The studentís official program
is issued in duplicate over the signature of the President of the Institution.
Prior to issuance of such program, the student must present a receipt
from the treasurer of the Institution showing that the Incidental Fee has been
Fee. The Incidental Fee is $6.00 for each
term or quarter, i.e., for a period of from eleven to thirteen weeks.
Students go to the Citizensí National Bank and pay Incidental Fees to
Mr. Ethel Conner, Treasurer of the Board of Regents.
No programs are made until receipts for Incidental Fees are presented at
the Presidentís Office. In no
case are Incidental Fees refunded.
Fee. The first time a student enrolls
during any twelve monthsí period, the total fee is $7.00, being $6.00 for the
general Incidental Fee and $1.00 for the Gymnasium Fee.
The $1.00 Gymnasium Fee pays for hot water and other expenses in the bath
rooms and admits the students to the privilege of all games on the Athletic
Field and Campus for one year.
Board, etc. Room rent, meals, light, fuel,
etc., cost from $3.50 to $4.50 per week, owing to the kind (pg. 12) and quality
of accomodations and distance from the buildings. A majority of the students probably pay about $3.75 per week.
Some reduce their expenses in various ways.
There are a few who get along on from $2.75 to $3.25 per week.
Some students rent rooms and board in clubs; some do light housekeeping.
There is a great variety of ways whereby students may economize if they
desire to do so.
Institution is co-educational. But
it is recommended that young men and young women have rooms in separate rooming
houses. The Faculty will not
recommend boarding and rooming houses, wxcepting with the idea that such houses,
so far as rooming is concerned, will be exclusively for young men on the one
hand or exclusively for young women on the other.
in the Practice Schools. Parents
wishing to have their children enrolled in the Practice Schools or Rural School,
should see Miss Susie Barnes, Director of the Practice Schools, or Miss Florence
M. Lane, Teacher of the Rural School. This
may be done on Tuesday, September 10th.
City and rural children may be enrolled in the general Practice Schools
having their headquarters in the Library Building.
None but rural children will be enrolled in the Rural School.
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Belden - Moberly, MO
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2000 by Claudia Minor; all rights
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